In the nineteenth century, hybrid technology is seen as an invention with many possibilities. In 1895, a French journalist wrote that the combination of oil and electricity give many surprises in the future. On the other hand, Nikolas August Otto, one of the fathers of the car, saw “the electric motor as a brilliant invention that one day complement the gasoline engine . ” Both had good reason. Lets talk about the hybrid car.

the hybrid

In the mid-60s, the man begins to be aware of the serious consequences of pollution. The global 1973 oil crisis and the preparation of a state program in the US to develop prototypes for clean cars were two key events that gave a push to research hybrid car. In this scenario, the American engineer Victor Wouk, known as the father of hybrid car, managed to create with Charles L. Rosen Buick Skylark model, powered by 20 kW electric motor and a gasoline engine. This prototype reached a speed of 85 km / h managed to spend half of what gasoline consumed a vehicle of the same brand . Emissions were reduced by 9%.

Yet it was not until the late 90s when the first hybrid cars launched on the market. The bravest was the Japanese brand Toyota with its Prius (Latin for “pioneer”) model, the first mass-produced hybrid world that combined internal combustion engine with an electric motor powered by battery. The first year of sales was a success with 18,000 units. At present, Auris, Yaris, Prius (including the Prius plug-in hybrid) and Prius + occupy the top four sales in the European market for hybrids.

Its low fuel consumption and low emissions of CO 2 makes hybrids a widely accepted by users as vehicles for general use vehicles. For its part, Toyota places this hybrid system as the core technology required for the development of friendly vehicles environment with a modular system designed to easily adapt to using plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles) electric vehicles (EV, Electric Vehicles) and fuel cell vehicles. To this end, the company emphasizes the development and production of key components such as electric motors , batteries, inverts and electronic control units (ECU, Electronic Control Units).

With continued rises in gasoline prices, interest in hybrid cars continues to rise. The major automakers are working on a new generation of more efficient and economical hybrid where the hydrogen fuel cell promises to be the key to future mobility. Companies like Toyota, anticipating that 2015 will be the year we see a new generation of clean vehicles on the roads. The prototype FCV Concept, presented at the Tokyo Motor Show 2014, anticipates what the production model is expected to hit the market in 2015.

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In the nineteenth century, hybrid technology is seen as an invention with many possibilities. In 1895, a French journalist wrote that the combination of oil and electricity give many surprises in the future. On the other hand, Nikolas August Otto, one of the fathers of the car, saw 'the...